1. Cell and Molecular Biology:
Biomolecules, Origin of life, cell metabolism (including photosynthesis/enzymology), cellular processes, thermodynamics, organelle structure and function, mitosis/ meiosis, cell structure, and experimental cell biology.
2. Diversity of Life:
Relationships, Biological Organization and Relationship of Major Taxa (Six-Kingdom, Three-Domain System) - plantae, animalia, protista, fungi, eubacteria (bacteria), etc.
New as of January, 2022: Viruses, Archaebacteria
3. Structure and Function of Systems:
Integumentary, skeletal, muscular,circulatory, immunological, digestive, respiratory, urinary, nervous/senses, endocrine, reproductive, etc.
4. Developmental Biology:
Fertilization, descriptive embryology, developmental mechanisms.
Molecular genetics, human genetics, classical genetics, chromosomal genetics, and genetic
New as of January, 2022: Genomics, gene expression, epigenetics
6. Evolution, Ecology, and Behavior:
Natural selection, population genetics/speciation, population and community ecology, ecosystems, and animal behavior (including social behavior).